Sharjah city is geographically located on the west coast of the United Arab Emirates. However, the Sharjah Emirate has been connected with both sides, the Arabian Sea and the Indian Ocean. On the east coast, the Emirate has three provinces namely Dibba Al Hisn, Khor Fakkan and Kalba, as well as the Islands of Abu Mousa and Sir Abu Nu’air. Sharjah covers an area of about 2,590 km² (1,000 mi²). The total area of Sharjah (excluding the islands) is equivalent to 3.3 per cent of the total area of the UAE. The Sharjah Emirate is the third largest emirates of the UAE and the city is also the third largest city after Dubai and Abu Dhabi. It is home for over 800,000 people (as of year 2008).
The geographical coordinates of Sharjah are 25°26′N and 55°23′E.
Warm, sunny days, cool evenings and low humidity can be expected during the months of November to April. This is an ideal season for foreign visitors as the average temperature varies from 18°C to 30°C.
The city experiences really a hot and humid climate from May to September when midday temperature often reaches the 45 °C mark. During this period, the nights also remain warm with an average temperature of 25°C and humidity often reaches the 100% mark. Rainfall is almost non-existent in the city.
Sharjah is renowned for its commitment to art, culture and preserving its heritage. In 1998, it was awarded by UNESCO as the Cultural Capital of the Arab World. The city has become the leading centre of education. Additionally, it houses several museums, parks, an aquarium, a centre for Arabian wildlife as well as providing many modern facilities to visitors.
Sharjah is the only Emirate that has banned the sale, possession and consumption of alcohol. The decency laws of the UAE (introduced in 2001) are strictly followed in this city. Also, a conservative dress code is required for both men and women.
The official national language of the UAE is Arabic, although, English, Hindi and Urdu are also widely spoken in the city. The official religion is Islam, which is widely practised by Emirate nationals. The UAE is liberal about other religions but religious activities that may interfere with Islam are not allowed.